May to chair emergency meeting on Iran crisis

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Media captionA Royal Navy frigate can be heard warning Iranian armed forces, before the oil tanker is seized

The prime minister will chair the government’s emergency committee Cobra on Monday after a British-flagged tanker was seized by Iran in the Gulf.

Theresa May is expected to receive updates from ministers and officials and discuss maintaining the security of shipping in the area.

It comes amid reports ministers are considering freezing Iranian assets.

Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt is expected to update MPs later on further measures the government will take.

On Sunday, ministers denied domestic politics meant the government had taken its “eye off the ball”.

Defence minister Tobias Ellwood said it was “impossible” to escort each individual vessel and suggested more money should be invested in the Navy if Britain wanted to continue to play a role on the international stage.

What happened?

On Friday, the Stena Impero was seized by the Iranian Revolutionary Guard in the key shipping route of the Strait of Hormuz after Tehran said it was “violating international maritime rules”.

Video released by Iran’s Revolutionary Guard-affiliated Fars news agency appeared to show the moment the tanker was raided.

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Media captionFootage appears to show Stena Impero being seized

A recording emerged of radio exchanges between HMS Montrose and Iranian armed forces vessels moments before the tanker was seized.

Iranian vessel can be heard telling the British frigate it wants to inspect the Stena Impero for security reasons. HMS Montrose was too far away to stop the seizure.

Iran’s state-run IRNA news agency said the tanker was captured after it collided with a fishing boat and failed to respond to calls from the smaller craft.

Mr Hunt said it was illegally seized in Omani waters and forced to sail into Bandar Abbas port in Iran.

The seizure of the Stena Impero comes two weeks after Royal Marines helped seize Iranian tanker Grace 1 off Gibraltar, because of evidence it was carrying oil to Syria in breach of EU sanctions.

Mr Hunt said the Grace 1 was detained legally, but Iran said it was “piracy” and threatened to seize a British oil tanker in retaliation.

What have UK politicians said?

Speaking to the BBC, Chancellor Philip Hammond said the UK would pursue “every possible diplomatic route” to resolve the situation.

He said sanctions against Iran were already in place and it was unclear what more could be done.

But Iain Duncan Smith told the BBC there were questions to be raised about the British government’s actions.

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Image caption Jeremy Hunt said Iran viewed it as a “tit-for-tat” situation

He said the detention of the Grace 1 tanker carrying Iranian oil two weeks earlier ought to have served as a warning British vessels in the Gulf needed protection.

The former Cabinet minister said he understood the US had offered the UK “assets” to support its shipping and they were not taken up.

“This is a major failure and the government has to answer that charge very quickly indeed,” he said.

Mr Hunt earlier said Iran viewed it as a “tit-for-tat situation” but “nothing could be further from the truth”.

Labour shadow justice minister Richard Burgon said the UK should avoid becoming Donald Trump’s “sidekicks” and warned a US-backed conflict with Iran could be worse than the Iraq War.

What happened to the tanker and its crew?

The Stena Impero is still being held in the port of Bandar Abbas, in southern Iran.

The tanker’s Swedish owner, Stena Bulk, has made a formal request to visit the 23 crew members, who are Indian, Russian, Latvian and Filipino.

They have all been taken off the ship for “questioning”, Iran’s Press TV reported.

A relative of one Indian crew member, who did not want to be identified, told the BBC on Sunday the family was concerned and had not received any messages from him since the vessel was detained.

But they said the family was being kept well informed by the Swedish company and felt reassured about diplomatic efforts to free the ship after meeting company officials on Sunday.

Although the crew and owners are not British, the Stella Impero carries the UK flag.

“Historically speaking it means that the UK owes protection to the vessel,” explained Richard Meade, from maritime publication Lloyds List.

What has Iran said?

Iran’s foreign minister Javad Zarif tweeted on Saturday that the UK “must cease being an accessory to #EconomicTerrorism of the US”.

He said Iran guarantees the security of the Gulf and the Strait of Hormuz, and insisted its action was to “uphold international maritime rules”.

Iran’s ambassador to London has warned the UK against escalating tensions, tweeting: “This is quite dangerous and unwise at a sensitive time in the region.”

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Media captionWhy does the Strait of Hormuz matter?

What’s the background to tensions in the Gulf?

Relations have been deteriorating between Iran and the UK and US.

In April, the US tightened sanctions it had re-imposed on Iran after withdrawing from a 2015 nuclear deal.

The US blamed Iran for attacks on tankers since May, which Tehran denies. On Friday, the US claimed to have destroyed an Iranian drone in the Gulf.

The UK government has remained committed to the deal, which curbs Iran’s nuclear activities in return for the lifting of sanctions.

However, the UK’s help in seizing the Iranian tanker Grace 1 infuriated Iran.

Last week, the UK said Iranian boats also attempted to impede a British oil tanker in the region before being warned off by HMS Montrose. Iran denied any attempted seizure.

International reaction

The White House said Friday’s incident was the second time in more than a week the UK had been “the target of escalatory violence” by Iran.

US Central Command said it was developing a multinational maritime effort in response to the situation.

The Pentagon said US troops are being deployed to Saudi Arabia to defend American interests in the region.

On Sunday, the Foreign Office confirmed Mr Hunt spoke with his French and German counterparts, who have both condemned Iran’s actions.

France’s Jean-Yves Le Drian and Germany’s Heiko Maas agreed that safe passage through the Strait of Hormuz is a top priority for European nations, while avoiding any possible escalation.

Diplomatic solution ‘will be complicated’

A diplomatic solution to this crisis is going to be complicated, not least because Britain’s relationships with its traditional partners – the US and the Europeans – are under strain.

Diplomatic pressure – action at the UN or tough economic sanctions – requires the building of a coalition.

Think back to the collective action taken against Moscow in the wake of the murder of a British woman by Russian agents in Salisbury.

The US and Britain’s Nato and European allies all expelled Russian diplomats in an impressive show of solidarity.

But will the same solidarity be shown towards Tehran?

France and Germany have given London rhetorical support. President Trump is standing beside his British ally.

But the US and the EU are fundamentally at loggerheads over the fate of the nuclear deal with Iran and what many European capitals see as a thinly disguised US policy that seeks regime change in Tehran.

Read more from Jonathan here.

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